Natural Resources Essay Research Paper A natural

Natural Resources Essay, Research Paper

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A natural resource is defined as a natural stuff found on Earth that is utile

for worlds in some manner. It is frequently processed of manufactured in order for it to

run into the demands of a society. Resources so differ spatially, as different people

hold different demands and hence necessitate different resources, and temporally

as a society grows and progresss their demands will alter and so to their

resources. Natural resources range from minerals and metals to people ( their

labour and accomplishments ) . ( Kleeman 1997, Pashley 1996, Plant 1998 )

In this response 2 major sample surveies will be used, these are, H2O and

energy ( in the signifier of U ) on a assortment of graduated tables.

Reference List


The Uranium Information Centre.

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Sydney H2O

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Sydney Catchment Authority

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KLEEMAN ( 1997 ) Global Interactions: A Senior Geography Rigby Heinemann,


Plant ( 1998 ) Get Smart Study Guide Science Press, Australia

PASHLEY ( 1996 ) Excel HSC Pascal Press, Australia

Natural resources are natural stuffs found on Earth that is utile for

worlds in some manner ( Kleeman 1997 ) They can be divided into classs.

Diagram 1 shows the 4 types of natural resources and an illustration of each.

From the above we can see that coal is an illustration of an exhaustible resource,

this means there exists a finite stocks. These resources are non renewable in the

discoverable hereafter. Renewable resources, have the possible to be renewed.

Forests will be replenished over clip after they have been harvested for homo

demands either of course if left entirely to make so, or with human aid in the signifier of

plantations in an alternate country. Renewability is so frequently dependent on proper

direction over clip. Reclaimable resources are besides renewable but can

recycled indefinitely through recycling. These resources will non ever come

back in the same signifier after undergoing recycling. Glass bottles can be recycled

into furniture, Windowss, decorations, etc. Continuous resources are continually

renewable. Solar energy will ever be and can be harnessed and used without

concern for recycling or replenishment clip. It can be said that it will ne’er be

finite and the supply will ever be greater than the demand.

Question 3

Natural Resource: Uranium

A assortment issues originate when U is found, extracted, processed, consumed,

and disposed of. Management schemes are in topographic point to battle these issues.

Environmental Issues

The usage of uranium green goodss waste has an impact on the environment. Waste

produced is radioactive and hence risky, depending on the waste & # 8217 ; s

degree of radiation and half life it will stay risky for a long period of

clip. The environmental issue set uping U is waste disposal. The position

below is from Pangia Resources, a US company that seeks to dispose of

atomic waste in outback Australia.

& # 8220 ; atomic waste is a job that won & # 8217 ; t travel off, that the best

known manner of covering with it is seting it someplace in stable

stones, that these stones must be off from population Centres & # 8221 ;

( Campaign for a Nuclear Free Future & # 8211 ; Update 17 Dec 98 )

Table 1 shows radioactive waste graduated tables and their single disposal method.

The entombment of waste, in the short term has been a suited method but in the

long term proves to be unsure. There are ever hazards of the radioactive

waste bleeding out into the dirt and impact on the biophysical environment.

Diagram 2 shows the spread of radioactive taint via abiotic

procedures to the biology.

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Unless a proven long term method of waste disposal is developed, U will

loose resource value as demand lessenings due to environmental and


Social Issues

The Mirrar of the Northern Territory are concerned about the Jabaluka U

development, and any development that impacts on their cultural sacred sites

and traditional manner of life.

They are traditional proprietors of land. They claimed much of & # 8216 ; their land & # 8217 ; back under

the Aboriginal Land Rights ( NT ) Act 1976.

They claim to hold sacred sites in the U mine country. These sites are straight

and badly impacted upon by the Jabiluka U mine.

The Mirrar believe that culturally important sites will be damaged by the

building of the Jabiluka U mine. Damage to these religious sites

destroys populating tradition.

The autochthonal population, with support and backup from a really much diversified

planetary community struggled against hardship in the battle to halt the Jabaluka

U mine and were successful in making so. As of September 1999, all work at

Jabaluka ceased indefinitely which has effected resource by cut downing supply.

Question 4

Natural Resource: Water

Water is the most plentiful, critical, non-substitutional resource on the planet. Life

exists and is sustained because of and by H2O. Though there is abundant H2O

in the universe and available for usage, come-at-able drinkable H2O for homo

ingestion remains scarce. Map shows the planetary unjust distribution of

H2O on a planetary graduated table.

Water is needed by all but all do non hold equal entree to supplies. Due to the

scarce nature of H2O it is necessary for direction schemes to be practiced

to guarantee optimal utilizations of H2O are non hindered by harm to H2O quality and

limited H2O measure.

A instance survey of Sydney H2O will show H2O direction schemes

utilised, their consequences and suggest sweetening of these schemes to better

H2O issues on a local graduated table.

Sydney H2O provides about 1500 million liters of H2O per twenty-four hours to more

than 3.7 million people. Map shows the Catchment country and the substructure

that supplies Sydney ( 33 51 S, 151 12 Tocopherol ) with it & # 8217 ; s H2O.

The undermentioned flow diagram illustrates the way of Sydney H2O from Catchment to

where it is used in places and concerns


H2O aggregation


H2O storage

Filtration Plants

remotion of contaminations


Residential Industry Businesss

Management schemes presently used in Sydney are aimed to procure equal

quality H2O for ingestion and usage by the population of the Sydney part.

These schemes are besides devised so that there will be entree to sufficient

sums of H2O for all.

These schemes include:

Water recycling

Therefore supplying another H2O beginning and cut downing anticipated increased hereafter

use. Besides cut downing discharge into rivers and oceans. Recycled H2O is used in

residential gardens and lavatories, in industry and irrigation so that fresh H2O can

travel straight to the people for ingestion. This so leaves the present

substructure able to defy present demands without the building of new


Irrigation patterns & # 8211 ; increasing H2O efficiency

e.g. cardinal pivot sprinklers and trickle or drip systems

Design characteristics of Infrastructure

e.g. The Prospect works ( and others ) were designed to be & # 8216 ; easy upgraded & # 8217 ;

( SMH98 ) . So when new engineering evolved and new information accumulated the

workss could be ready to set them in pattern, put them to utilize.

Pay per usage

Consumers a

rhenium charged for H2O use as the undermentioned diagram illustrates.

There is so an inducement to utilize less, conserving the resource, because of

decreased costs of ingestion.

Public consciousness and instruction plans

National plans such as WaterWise which & # 8220 ; purposes to inform and educate the

community on how to utilize H2O sagely and advance the demand for H2O

preservation & # 8221 ; ( ) . Besides specifically Sydney H2O preservation

runs such as & # 8220 ; Sydney H2O: Good plenty to bottle, excessively good to blow & # 8221 ;

Monitoring of the system and H2O quality

Pull offing the degrees of contaminations and foreign atoms in the H2O to guarantee

the populace has entree to the optimal H2O possible.

These schemes and others used are effectual to a certain grade though are

non ever faultless as the 1998 Sydney H2O crisis pointed out.

Cryptosporidium and giardia parasites entered the supply system endangering

public wellness and safety which emphasized the demand for the rating and

betterment of the current direction schemes being employed.

Suggestions for betterments of direction schemes

H2O recycling

More H2O recycling for all utilizations so less H2O is deducted from storage


Irrigation patterns

The spreading of the new efficient methods so the benefits can be felt


Deduction of new engineering to bing substructure

As new engineering is made available it should be put to utilize.

Water costs

Put the & # 8216 ; user pays & # 8217 ; rule to farther usage. All costs of acquiring the H2O to the

consumers, constructing the substructure and the environmental costs are

factored into the costs to the user. Consumers would so be hesitant of the

inevitable new dike because they would hold to finance it themselves. They

would be forced to conserve.

Public consciousness

Strengthen campaigns to do the message loud and clear.

Monitoring quality

Develop and beef up regular thorough cheques on H2O composing. Set

rigorous tight controls on acceptable degrees of parasites and guarantee these are met

and non surpassed.

Other suggested schemes

Quotas and bounds

If these are preceded, heavy mulcts should be demanded

Weather calculating

If the conditions is accurately predicted it can be known when demand will be at

a high ( when it & # 8217 ; s hot ) and when supply will be abundant ( when it rains to a great extent

for a drawn-out period of clip )

Population decrease

Migration limitations and inducements to travel elsewhere to cut down the

population hence cut downing demand ( provided demand per caput does non

addition besides )

Water direction in Sydney is a long term procedure but the schemes used

must be evaluated in the short term for the schemes to be effectual. Water

proviso is a map of a metropolis and the people of the metropolis have a right to

assessable clean H2O. This can be granted and sustained provided the

proper direction schemes are set in topographic point and new 1s are continuously

developed and implemented.

Question 2

The spacial distribution of the universe & # 8217 ; s resources is unjust. Worlds have

no say or no manus in where the bulk of natural resources are located. It is

the physical procedures that brought about the visual aspect and the brand up of

the Earth as we know it today that is the force behind the scattered

non-uniform distribution of world-wide natural resources. The maps below

exemplify the distribution of some illustrations of natural resources throughout the


The ground behind the differences between production and ingestion of

natural resources lies in the fact that the so called & # 8216 ; North & # 8217 ; states or the

developed states industrialized early on and first. They so depleted their

local resource stocks temporally and were compelled to seek elsewhere for

the resources to fulfill their demands. To make this they turned to the development

universe and exploited foreign resources. A rhythm of supply and demand was shortly

subsequently created, where the demand originated from the developed states

who saw the supply of inexpensive natural stuffs and inexpensive labour, and the supply

emanated from those the underdeveloped counties who sought to the capital


Distribution and ingestion evolved to be based on wealth. Access to and

supply of resources is granted to the state, corporation or company that

makes the most moneymaking offer. Typically the developed states of the universe are

in a place to make this, but as discussed above, non locally. They have the

agencies to devour what is produced elsewhere. In per centum figures this

translated to 90 % of the universe & # 8217 ; s resources being consumed by 30 % of the

universe & # 8217 ; s population.

Technology has played a portion in making disparities between production and

ingestion. Transportation carries resources all over the universe, no thirster is

there a demand to turn up near the resource you need to hold entree to it.


The map below indicates uranium production and ingestion on a planetary

graduated table.

The tendencies, as can be seen from the map, U is produced in countries where

it isn & # 8217 ; T consumed. The wealthier states with the money for atomic electricity

coevals import their needful U. The producer/supplier states do non

have the same needs for U so they export it.

Political Issues

In today & # 8217 ; s unstable province of the universe international and national struggle and

aggression is a prevailing concern. So excessively is the universe armament and defensive

steps that exacerbate these concerns. Nuclear arms is a concern on a

planetary graduated table because of it & # 8217 ; s possible cataclysmal harm it could bring down on the

universe. Measures have been taken to forestall this.

The International Atomic Energy Agency was set up by the United Nations in

1957 to assist states develop atomic energy for peaceable intents.

Precautions are in topographic point to deter the alteration of class of atomic stuff

from peaceable usage by increasing the hazard of early sensing & # 8230 ; i.e. the rule of

bar by halting it at the beginning as opposed to the remedy after a payload

has been fired.

When Australian U export was approved it was under the status of

precautions which meant that states importing Australian U did so

under the rigorous status that is was used specifically for peaceable intents,

viz. electricity coevals and non for military intents. The pie chart below

shows Australia & # 8217 ; s uranium exports

Other signifiers of Political issues include authorities policy such as the & # 8220 ; three

mines & # 8221 ; policy by the 1983 Hawke Labor authorities. By merely runing 3

mines this limits supply.


Natural resources are present in different classs: exhaustible, renewable,

reclaimable and uninterrupted. On a planetary graduated table spacial and temporal fluctuations on

the distribution and production and ingestion rates and degrees exist.

Differences in production and ingestion of natural resources arise because of

environmental, societal, economic, and political factors. In the determination, processing,

consuming, bring forthing, and development of natural resources issues emanate.

These issues include that of a societal, political, economic, environmental, and

technological nature, But direction schemes are formed and utilized to

confront these issues. Management schemes are based on the preservation of

natural resources and maximising their efficiency in run intoing the demands of society

without damaging people or the environment..