Napoleon Essay Research Paper Nationalism is the
Napoleon Essay, Research Paper
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Patriotism is the devotedness of people to the involvements of its state or the love of one & # 8217 ; s state to remain independent. Nationalism played a major function in the ruin of Napoleon in that he wanted an imperium and his opposition & # 8217 ; s wanted independence.As Napoleon was suppressing lands and making a huge imperium his military personnels stressed in the far lands that they conquered life, autonomy and equality. Although Napoleon did non recognize, it triggered chauvinistic feelings among the conquered states. Spain, who was an ally of France, disobeyed Napoleon & # 8217 ; s decree. Then in 1808 Napoleon overthrew the Spanish royal household and made his brother Joseph male monarch of Spain. However, everything that Napoleon did such as put in a foreign swayer, take away baronial privileges offended Spanish pride and created chauvinistic feelings. The people of Spain revolted in 1808. The Gallic military personnels stopped the public violences, but the chauvinistic spirit was non lost. For the following five old ages, there was warfare in Spain. British military personnels came to help Spain. This led to the licking of Joseph, decease of 1000s of Gallic military personnels and it inspired nationalists and patriots of other lands to defy Napoleon. This war between 1808 and 1813 is called The Peninsular War.In Germany, anti-French feelings broke out. However, the Gallic invasions carried German patriotism beyond the little ranks of authors. In 1807, authors attacked Gallic business of Germany. This chauvinistic feeling spread to the Prussians. In 1806, the Prussians were defeated by the Gallic military personnels. To drive the Gallic out of Prussia there would hold to be a spirit of cooperation and trueness. To carry through this there would hold to be societal and political reforms. A reformist said that if societal maltreatments were eliminated the Prussians could contend with national award. Military reforms improved the Prussian ground forces. In the War of Liberation ( 1813 ) , the soldiers showed great fee
lings of patriotism and nationalism. Afterwards, the French were driven out of Prussia. Russia, who was an ally of France, went against the word of Napoleon, So Napoleon decided to invade Russia. Napoleon’s Grand Army had 700,000 people in it. Most of soldiers were not French and did not care for the war. In 1812 when Napoleon began the invasion, Russia retreated. As they were retreating, they burned all crops, which were valuable. When Napoleon reached Moscow, the Russians burned the city. Even worse, the winter was in a few months. The Russians also destroyed the food supply of Napoleon. Many soldiers starved to death. Napoleon decided to retreat back to France. On the way back Russian Cossacks slaughtered the soldiers who fell behind. Napoleon abandoned his army and went back to France. In 1813, almost every nation in Europe joined in the final coalition against France. Napoleon raised a new army but could not replace the equipment lost in Russia. In October 1813 allied forces from Russia, Austria, Prussia, and Sweden defeated Napoleon at Leipzig. By April 1814, the coalition occupied Paris, Napoleon was exiled to the island of Elba. The coalition made peace with France. They restore Bourbon monarchy to throne in the person of Louis. However Napoleon escaped Elba and returned to France in March of 1815. Louis ordered his troops to stop Napoleon, but no one did. As Napoleon entered Paris, he got a cheer. He raised a new army and on June 18 1815, he moved against the allies in Belgium. There the Prussians and the British defeated Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo. These days of Napoleon trying to regain power are called the Hundred Days. This time they sent him to St. Helena a lonely island near Africa. There he died in 1821. Nationalism was an enemy to Napoleon because it led to the decline of his empire. In addition, the nationalistic feeling that was felt between his opponent has eventually destroyed him.