Youth Violence Essay Research Paper In the
Youth Violence Essay, Research Paper
In the book Luging a Gun for Tomorrow by Jonie Michel, a fictional universe is created where it is an recognized fact that young person force occurs, and where teens kill teens in big Numberss. The chief thought in this book is that alterations need to be made in order to discourage adolescent force, and when these alterations do non happen pandemonium erupts. Michel s narrative does non merely use to the fictional universe that she created ; it besides straight correlates with many jobs happening in American society. Youth force has become an of import issue in today s society, and many people looking for a manner to downsize this adolescent force rush. However, as young person force becomes more and more common many people are accepting the thought that childs will be childs, and that they will on occasion blow each others brains out, ( Bromdon 2 ) . In order to be assured that our society does non derive a dreamy expression at adolescent force, such as the fictional society in Michel s book, one must first expression at young person force in America today, secondly explore possible causes for young person force, and eventually happen solutions that will assist halt young person force.
First off, in order to control the rise in young person force it is necessary to recognize how serious this job truly is. Harmonizing to the Chicago Tribune, There are three million offenses committed on school campuses every twelvemonth. That & # 8217 ; s 16 thousand offenses per twenty-four hours & # 8211 ; one offense every six seconds. Even more terrorization is the fact that 35 per centum of high school pupils in high offense countries report transporting a piece on a regular basis. Juvenile apprehensions accounted for 13 per centum of all violent offenses in 1996, and 30 per centum of all juvenile homicide apprehensions occurred in merely four metropoliss: New York, Chicago, Detroit and Los Angeles. The figure of juveniles arrested for non-traffic related discourtesies, in the past five old ages, has risen 58 per centum, harmonizing to the afore-mentioned Chicago Tribune article. These statistics show a drastic addition in youth force, and they show, rather clearly, how serious this job truly is.
Due to this dramatic addition in youth force many inquiries have arisen. Namely, who is accountable? And, largely, no 1 is truly certain. Many different groups have been blamed. Schools, the place, and the media are all accused culprits of young person force. Still, it seems as if a complete image is found merely when analyzing all three of these images and puting incrimination on them separately. Concern about school force, offense, and victimization has permeated the instruction system since the 1950s ( Ausmussen 31 ) . The job of force at schools persisted and increased to the point that in 1974 Congress mandated a national study on school force. This authorization resulted in the Safe Schools Study, which revealed some upseting tendencies in the state & # 8217 ; s schools. The consequences of this early study were slightly unexpected, and they spurred continued involvement in the nature and extent of school offense and force, every bit good as their impact on pupils and school staff and their economic and societal costs. One major concern was how pupils are affected by force at school. Harmonizing to the Safe Schools Study, many pupils reported high degrees of fright and concern about their safety and security, ( Ausmussen 31 ) . These concerns prompted several attempts stop school force, and convinced the National Crime Victimization Survey to include inquiries about school force in its one-year survey.A National League of Cities survey ( 1994 ) , found that about one out of every 20 high school pupils ( 4.4 per centum ) said they had missed at least one school twenty-four hours because they did non experience safe at or on the manner to school. Younger, instead than older, pupils were more likely to lose a twenty-four hours because of fright for their safety. About 12 per centum of pupils ( 18 per centum of male childs and 5 per centum of misss ) reported transporting a arm to school at least one time during the 30 yearss predating the study, and seven per centum said they had been threatened or injured with a arm at school in the past twelvemonth. Sixteen per centum said they had been in a physical battle in the past twelvemonth, and about tierce said they had belongings ( books, vesture, or a vehicle ) intentionally damaged or stolen at school in the past twelvemonth. An interesting discovery in this survey is that school force is non an wholly urban job. Thirty-eight per centum of the seven hundred reacting metropoliss reported noticeable additions in force in their schools over the old five old ages, and merely eleven per centum reported that school force was non a job in their communities. About two-thirds of the metropoliss that responded had fewer than 50,000 occupants and about half were suburbs. What these per centums show is that force is permeant in the instruction system and this force might take to more force.
Another country that has received a batch of incrimination is the media. In the June 10, 1992, edition of the Journal of the American Medical Association, Dr. Brandon Centerwall provinces, every violent act is the consequence of an array of forces coming together & # 8211 ; poorness, offense, intoxicant and drug maltreatment, emphasis & # 8211 ; of which childhood exposure to telecasting is merely one, ( 18 ) . However, the grounds indicates that if, hypothetically, telecasting engineering had ne’er been developed, there would be ten thousand fewer homicides each twelvemonth in the United States, 70 thousand fewer colzas, and seven-hundred 1000 fewer deleterious assaults. Dr. Centerwall besides notes in his article that every bit many as 1/3 of the immature male captives convicted of violent offense say they were consciously copying techniques they learned from telecasting ( 18 ) . Another statistic that has been linked to the debut of telecasting is the fact that 15 old ages after the debut of Television, homicides, colzas and assaults doubled in the United States.
In 1982 the National Institute of Medical Health released a survey that stated, & # 8220 ; Violence on telecasting does take to aggressive behaviour by kids and adolescents who watch the programs. & # 8221 ; The NIMH cited overpowering grounds that kids tend to copy the behaviour they see on telecasting. Dr. Leonard Eron, who chaired the American Psychological Association Commission on Violence and Youth for several decennaries, has spent 36 old ages researching Television force. His alone surveies ( get downing in 1960 ) traced the same group of eight 100s and 75 male childs and misss from age eight to thirty, analyzing offense rates and personal features. He found that those who watched more violent Television were convicted of more serious offenses, were more aggressive under the influence of intoxicant, and more frequently used force to penalize their ain kids. Eron provinces, & # 8220 ; What one learns about life from the telecasting screen seems to be transmitted to the following coevals, & # 8221 ; ( 276 ) . This direct nexus from the T.V. screen into a individual s live clearly shows the nexus between T.V. force and existent force. By the clip a kid leaves simple school he or she will hold seen over 8,000 slayings, and more than 100,000 other Acts of the Apostless of force on broadcast Television entirely. By age 16, the mean American kid has seen 200,000 Acts of the Apostless of force on Television, including 33,000 slayings. As the picture Hollywood s Captive Audience notes, in 1993, the APA released a landmark survey outlying four major effects of media force on real-life force and aggression. In add-on to copycat behaviour, the survey demonstrated that teens could besides be negatively influenced through increased overdone frights, the remotion of suppressions, and desensitizatio
Not merely does T.V. consequence the manner young person interact with each other, informations published in the New England Journal of Medicine shows that in writing word pictures of self-destruction on telecasting are frequently followed by a dramatic rise in adolescent self-destructions. Thirty-five male childs and immature work forces between the ages of 8 and 31 killed themselves playing Russian roulette while copying a scene from Director Martin Scorsese & # 8217 ; s The Deer Hunter, shortly after the film aired on national Television.
Another issue that has late been brought up when researching media and adolescent force is the thought that video games learn childs how to kill. The FBI says that the mean jurisprudence enforcement individual hits 1 in 5 traveling marks. An eyewitness to the Paducah shots said that Michael Carneal ne’er moved his pess, put two custodies on his gun, and hit 8 out of 8 childs most of them traveling and plunging marks. He fired 8 shootings: 5 were headshots and 3 were upper trunk. ( He had arcade quality games in his house and was an devouring participant of point and shoot picture games. ) He had ne’er shot a gun before that hebdomad. Police officers and functionaries say that type of truth is unprecedented. A May 1, 1999, CNN/Time Poll found that 81 % of teens play video games. 40 % have played ultra-violent games like Doom and Duke Nukem. 33 % of these childs believe their parents know merely & # 8220 ; a small & # 8221 ; about their games. 57 % said their parents have non imposed any regulations refering their games. These pictures games non merely promote force, some of them besides teach a child how to take and draw the trigger. Therefore, it can be seen by looking at many different facets of media, that media does influence young person force
The concluding facet that must be researched is the households influence on young person force. Data has shown that kids turning up in violent households are more likely to prosecute in young person force. Child maltreatment and domestic force frequently occur in the same household and are linked in a figure of of import. Research shows that the impact on kids of witnessing parental domestic force is strikingly similar to the effects of being straight abused by a parent, and both experiences are important subscribers to youth force, harmonizing to Shiela Smeltzer ( 1 ) . A survey conducted by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention found that 70 per centum of striplings who lived in households with parental struggle self-reported violent delinquency, compared to 49 per centum of striplings from families without this struggle. This survey besides revealed that exposure to multiple signifiers of force, including domestic force, kid maltreatment, and general household clime of ill will, doubles the hazard of self-reported young person force. Research workers have besides found that work forces who as kids witnessed their parents & # 8217 ; domestic force were twice every bit likely to mistreat their ain married womans than boies of nonviolent parents. A important proportion of opprobrious hubbies grew up in households where they witnessed their female parents being beaten. Clearly, domestic force and kid maltreatment are engendering evidences for the following coevals of maltreaters, every bit good as for violent juveniles. Besides, a important part of violent juvenile wrongdoers grew up being abused themselves and/or witnessing their parents & # 8217 ; domestic force. However, exposure to child maltreatment or domestic force as a kid is non the lone hazard factor for juvenile force. Populating in an destitute community that is prevailing with drugs, guns, and offense, holding parents that use rough or fickle subject, and being isolated from the community, household, or school & # 8211 ; all of these besides put kids at higher hazard. Therefore it is obvious that a kid s environment badly influences whether or non they will be violent.
Now that the influences of young person force have all been explained it is necessary to look at how one can halt young person force. Since some of the jobs can be attributed to the place, school, and media we must besides look at that place for solutions.
The biggest thing that parents need to make is back up their kids. They need to be cognizant of what their childs are making, who their friends are, and if their child is doing bombs, ( 28 ) harmonizing to a Newsweek article. Furthermore, parents need to learn their kids ethical motives that will, in bend, act upon a kid s determination between right and incorrect. Parents are the major factor considered when looking at a kid s ethical motives, Newsweek stated. Children learn what is right and incorrect from their parents at a really immature age, the article concluded.
Media besides must take duty for its actions. The first measure in making this is that media must acknowledge that their scheduling influences youth. The baccy has denied that baccy is hooking for old ages, merely as the media industry has denied the harmful effects of violent Television, ( Garner 196 ) . After doing this admittance, the media industry needs to avoid airing violent telecasting during times when the parents might non be place to turn the Television off. While this does non look like a feasible solution, another thing that media should see is advancing a widespread v-chip run. Not merely would this assist the media s image refering telecasting s influence on force, it would besides do it unneeded for them to alter daily programming. This run would advance utilizing the v-chip, and it would set the duty of the harmful effects of violent telecasting into the parent s custodies, non the media executive. While this run would ensue in a lessening in net incomes for some parts of the media industry, it will besides assist the media image overall.
Finally, the school system besides must seek to do schools safe for kids. If this means puting metal sensors and guards at school doors, so be it. . . but the reply to this job is likely a batch simpler. Students need to cognize that they can travel to their instructors if they do non experience safe, or if they have been threatened. Students besides need to cognize that their instructors will make something about the manner they feel. Teachers have the duty of informing pupils that instructors care about them and desire to positively act upon their lives. By advancing a lovingness environment, childs will experience as if they have support, and person to speak to about their concerns at school. School decision makers besides have the duty to do schools safe. Individual school kineticss are all different, and hence different actions will hold to be taken, but the consequences should be the some widespread. Students need to cognize that they can go to school without being hurt or killed, and with out holding to witness hurting and slaying.
In decision, youth force is a job in today s society, and it must non be allowed to go on. We have looked at young person force in society today, and the statistics are amazing. It is clear that school, media, and place environment influences youth force. All three facets influence a kid s growing and development, and play an of import function in a kid s life. Therefore, schools, media, and parents all need to take action in order to contend young person force. A school can make this by doing it s environment safe and supportive. Parents can halt young person force by listening to their kids, and by taking an active function in their kids s life. The media must acknowledge that it does act upon kids, and it must take action against this influence. It is necessary for all citizens in the United States to take action in hopes of controling youth force. Youth force must be stopped, and it can if schools, media, and parents would merely get down lovingness.